Discuss the human struggle to survive and the right to autonomous decision-making.

the human struggle to survive and dreams of immortality have long been instrumental in inspiring medicine to develop the means to prevent and cure illness. Advances in medical technology have resulted in the power to prolong a productive life, as well as to delay inevitable death. Those victims of long-term pain and suffering, as well as patients in vegetative states and irreversible comas, are mostly directly affected. (p. 487)

  • Discuss the human struggle to survive and the right to autonomous decision-making.
  • Describe how patient autonomy has been impacted by case law and legislative enactments.
  • Explain end of life issues as they relate to autopsy, organ donation, research, experimentation, and clinical trials.
  • Describe how human genetics and stem cell research can have an impact on end of life issues.
  • Define the following terms: preservation of life with limits, euthanasia, advanced directives, futility of treatment, withholding and withdraw of treatment, and do-not-resuscitate orders.

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